Geothermal Wonderland next to Buggy Iceland Base Camp
The Hengill Volcano Mountain Range
The Hengill area of Iceland is a geothermal wonderland located in the southwestern part of the country, near the town of Hveragerði. This rugged and stunning region is known for its geothermal activity, with bubbling mud pots, hissing steam vents, and colorful hot springs dotting the landscape. But the history and geography of the Hengill area are just as fascinating as its geothermal wonders.
Geography of Hengill Area The Hengill area is situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a tectonic boundary that runs through the center of Iceland. The area is known for its volcanic activity, with several large volcanoes located in the region. The most prominent of these is Hengill, a stratovolcano that last erupted over 2000 years ago. The Hengill volcano is surrounded by several other smaller volcanoes, including Reykjafjall, Prestahnúkur, and Hverahlíðarfjall.
The geothermal activity in the Hengill area is fueled by the high levels of heat and pressure generated by the volcanic activity in the region. Hot water and steam from deep within the earth rise to the surface, creating the bubbling mud pots, steam vents, and hot springs that are so characteristic of the area. The Hengill area is also home to several rivers and lakes, including the Þingvallavatn Lake and the Ölfusá River.
History of Hengill Area The history of the Hengill area dates back thousands of years. The region was first settled by Vikings in the 9th century, and it has been inhabited ever since. The first settlers in the area were drawn to the region by its rich natural resources, including its fertile soil and abundant fish stocks.
In the centuries that followed, the Hengill area became an important center of commerce and culture. The region was home to several important settlements, including the village of Hveragerði, which was founded in the 19th century. Hveragerði was an important center of agriculture and industry, and it was known for its skilled craftsmen and artisans.
In the early 20th century, the Hengill area began to attract visitors from around the world. Tourists were drawn to the region by its stunning natural beauty and rich history, and they soon began to flock to the area in large numbers. The Hengill area became an important destination for hikers, skiers, and other outdoor enthusiasts, and several ski huts and other tourist facilities were built in the region.
Today, the Hengill area is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Iceland. Visitors come from around the world to explore its stunning landscapes, soak in its hot springs, and experience its unique geothermal wonders. The region is home to several popular hiking trails, including the Hengill Trail and the Reykjadalur Trail, which offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
The Hengill area is also home to several important cultural sites, including the ruins of the Skálholt Cathedral, which was an important center of learning and religion in medieval Iceland. The area is also home to several museums and art galleries, which showcase the rich history and culture of the region.
Conclusion The Hengill area of Iceland is a truly unique and unforgettable destination. Its stunning landscapes, rich history, and unique geothermal activity make it a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Iceland. Whether you're a hiker, skier, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of the natural world, the Hengill area is sure to leave a lasting impression on you.
Map & Directions
Only 25 minutes drive from the center of Reykjavík
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